• Nanjing, China
  • Nanjing, China

Nanjing, China

  • Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu Province, is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China and was the capital of in total six Chinese imperial dynasties. It is a prominent place, boasting time-honored history and profound culture.

  • The city provides visitors with a great number of historical and cultural sites, including city walls, temples, museums and mausoleums, as well as stunning scenic spots and areas such as Qixia Mountain, Purple Mountain and Xuanwu Lake. One of the great activities that you can't miss is the boating on the Qinhuai River during the evening to enjoy the city's fantastic night views.

  • The following are the top 10 attractions in Nanjing, China.
  • Yuejiang Tower(阅江楼)
  • Located at the top of the Lion Mountain in the northwest of Nanjing, the Yuejiang Tower is a seven-storey tower, measuring 52 meters in height. It is known as one of the Four Famous Towers South of the Yangtze River, together with Huanghe Tower (Yellow Crane Tower) in Hubei, Yueyang Tower in Hunan and Tengwang Tower in Jiangxi.

  • "Yue" means "enjoy" in Chinese while “Jiang” means “River,” referring to the world-famous Yangtze River. Standing on the top of the tower, visitors can enjoy the beautiful scenery of the Yangtze River and Nanjing City. The scenic area also features several other historical sites, including pavilions, fort barbettes, tunnels and temples.

  • Admission:40yuan (US$6.54)/ person
  • South Gate of City Wall(中华门)
  • Nanjing's ancient city walls were first constructed during the Southern Tang Dynasty (937-975) and reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The South Gate, or Zhonghuamen, is a castle-style gate in the city walls, the biggest among all 13 gates and the world's best-preserved and most complex one in structure.

  • The gate measures 118.5 meters in length and 128 meters in width, covering an area of 15,168 square meters. It is composed of three towers and four smaller gates constructed inside one another. The gate is now separated from the rest of the wall and located at a busy road junction.

  • Admission:25yuan (US$4.09)/ person
  • Linggu Temple(灵谷寺)
  • The Linggu Temple, originally called Jiangshan Temple, is a Buddhist temple located 1.5 kilometers east of the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. It was built in 514, during the Southern Dynasty (420-589), as a burial site for the famous monk Baozhi.

  • In addition to the temple, there are a number of attractions situated across the Linggu Park, named after the temple, including the Linggu Pagoda, Beamless Hall (Wuliang Hall), Depository of Buddhist Sutra, Baogong Pagoda, Wangong Pond and Xuanzang Memorial Hall.

  • Admission:15yuan (US$2.45)/ person
  • Purple Mountain(紫金山)
  • Purple Mountain, or Mount Zijin, is located in eastern Nanjing City, covering an area of more than 20 square kilometers (2,000 hectares). Its peaks, the tallest one standing at 448.2 meters high, are often found surrounded by mysterious purple and golden clouds during dawn and dusk, hence its name

  • A well-known scenic spot in China, the mountain also features lakes, temples, caves, springs and forests. More than 200 heritage and scenic tourist sites are now located in or around the mountain. The Purple Mountain Observatory, China's first modern astronomy research institute, also sits on the mountain.

  • Admission:Free

  • Admission to the Purple Mountain Observatory:15yuan (US$2.45)/ person
  • Nanjing Qixia Mountain(栖霞山)
  • Qixia Mountain, also called the Sheshan Mountain, is located some 22 kilometers (13.67 miles) northeast of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province. It covers an area of over 860 hectares and has three peaks -- Dragon Peak, Tiger Peak and Fengxiang Peak, with the highest peak located at 286 meters.

  • Covered by 750 hectares of various maple trees, the mountain can boast some fascinating autumn scenery. Every year, around mid-October, the whole mountain will become a colorful carpet of red, green and golden maple leaves, making it a wonderful place to enjoy the best colors of the season.

  • Admission:20yuan (US$3.27)/ person
  • Xuanwu Lake(玄武湖)
  • Close to the city center, Xuanwu Lake is China's largest imperial lake and one of the three famous lakes in southern China -- the other two are Xihu Lake in Hangzhou and Nanhu Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province. Bearing the ancient name Sangbo, the lake has a history of over 1,500 years.

  • Covering an area of 472 hectares, the lake carries five isles: Huan Isle, Yingzhou Isle, Liangzhou Isle, Cuizhou Isle and Lingzhou Isle, which are all interlinked by bridges. It is good for visitors to take a walk, jog, ride bicycles and simply enjoy the scenery of the different seasons across the park.

  • Admission:Free
  • Presidential Palace(总统府)
  • The Presidential Palace has been the office and residential place of a number of important officials in Chinese history since the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), with a history spanning over 600 years. It now serves as China's largest museum of the country's contemporary history.

  • Covering an area of 9 hectares, the palace features offices, a secretariat and the subsidiary organs of the National Government as well as the typical Hui-style ancient gardens of southern China. A series of exhibition halls and historical data displays can also be found here.

  • Admission:40yuan (US$6.54)/ person
  • Qinhuai River(秦淮河)
  • One of Nanjing's must-sees would have to be the area surrounding Qinhuai River, the biggest river in the city. It is also the birthplace of ancient Nanjing culture.

  • The Qinhuai River is divided into inner and outer streams, with a total length of 110 kilometers (68.35 miles). The inner river, located inside the city, has been famous throughout Chinese history. Historical records reveal that as early as the Paleolithic Age, people inhabited the area. During China's dynastical periods, this riverside region had a bustling nightlife where the extravagant nobles, talent and businessmen flocked to local restaurants and dance halls.

  • Today, the scenic belt along the Qinhuai River features many attractions. Constructed in 1034, during the Song Dynasty (960-1279), the Confucius Temple, known as Fuzimiao in Chinese, is a place to worship and consecrate the great philosopher and educator of ancient China Confucius. Other attractions include the Zhanyuan Garden, Ming Walls, Egret Islet and China Gate. Having a boat tour along the river to enjoy Nanjing's fantastic night scenery is always a great way to see the city.

  • Confucius Temple Admission:40yuan (US$6.54)/person
  • Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum(中山陵)
  • The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum is the burial site of Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925), a great Chinese democratic revolutionary pioneer. It is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in Nanjing, China.

  • Construction of the tomb started in January 1926, and was completed in the summer of 1929. Reclining on a mountain slope, the majestic mausoleum blends the styles of traditional imperial tomb design and modern architecture, covering an area of more than 80,000 square meters (8 hectares).

  • In addition to the mausoleum, there are also a handful of memorial buildings surrounding it, such as the Guanghua Pavilion, Xingjian Pavilion, Yangzhi Pavilion, Music Stand, Liuhui Pavilion and Scriptorium.

  • Admission:80yuan (US$13.07)/person
  • Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum(明孝陵)
  • Located at the southern foot of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in the eastern suburb of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is the tomb of the first Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and his empress. It is the largest imperial tomb in Nanjing City and one of the largest ancient imperial tombs in all of China. After he was installed as emperor, Zhu Yuanzhang spent over 30 years on the construction of the tomb.

  • The mausoleum covers an area of several square kilometers and its wall runs up to 45 kilometers (27.96 miles) in length. The 600-years-old mausoleum has been severely damaged and many wooden buildings have vanished today. The stone animals situated in front of the imperial tomb are delicately sculptured, demonstrating the remarkable stone carving skills of the Ming Dynasty. Furthermore, the overall environment, and especially its natural scenery, is well-preserved and rather remarkable.

  • Along with the Ming Dynasty Tombs in Beijing, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum was listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Sites "Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing dynasties" in 2003.

  • Admission:70yuan (US$11.44)/person